Hindustan Zinc Ltd: Two port cities in Andhra Pradesh in the race for the HZL foundry | Amaravati news

VIJAYAWADA: The port towns of Kakinada in the east of Godavari and Krishnapatnam in the district of Nellore are being considered by the Vedanta group to establish a zinc smelter. The foundry will be set up by Hindustan Zinc Ltd, flagship of the Vedanta Group in India, and the project was announced during the CII partnership in Visakhapatnam last month.
According to J. Krishna Kishore, director general of the Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board (APEDB), HZL had requested 1,200 acres of land to set up the foundry. “The company said it wanted the land in the port towns, so the council showed Vedanta officials several large plots of land in Kakinada and Krishnapatnam,” he said.
When asked when he expected to know which city Vedanta would set up the foundry, Krishna Kishore said the potential of the two cities would be under consideration by the board of HZ and a decision is expected. ” soon “.
Vedanta Ltd, owned by Anil Agarwal, has a 64.92% stake in HZL, while the central government has a 29.59% stake, and the balance is held by mutual funds, financial institutions and of individual shareholders as of December 31, 2017, according to the company’s file. with stock exchanges on its shareholding.
Krishna Kishore said that HZL should invest Rs. 3000 crore in the first phase of the foundry, with another Rs. 3000 crore in the proposed second phase.
“Besides the zinc smelter, HZL also plans to set up a fertilizer plant to use sulfuric acid generated by the zinc smelting process. The fertilizer plant could be outsourced to a third party by HZL, but that’s something HZL will take care of when the foundry is commissioned, ”he said.
Vedanta’s current plan to install a zinc smelter is the non-ferrous conglomerate’s second attempt to make such a manufacturing unit successful in Andhra Pradesh. Its first attempt ended with the closure of the existing zinc smelter in Visakhapatnam in 2012.
The Visakhapatnam zinc smelter began commercial operations in 1977 and produced both zinc and lead, as well as silver as a by-product. While HZL closed its lead plant in Visakhapatnam in the mid-1990s, long before Vedanta acquired a majority stake in the company from the government, following complaints from residents of villages near the smelter that the tailings of lead seeped into their groundwater sources, the company closed its zinc smelter in 2012, with HZL and Vedanta saying it had become unviable to operate the plant by transporting zinc concentrate from its mines in Rajasthan and elsewhere. More than 300 managers and workers were made redundant when the Vizag foundry closed.
Last year, HZL hired a consultant to find a buyer for the 342 acres of land the smelter sits on, but the move was moved to a cold store after unions at Vizag raised concerns about HZL plans to recognize windfall profits on the sale of the land, which is in the Gajuwaka neighborhood. The 342 acre HZL land will cost almost Rs. 5,000 crore.
Vedanta is now considering converting the land into a ‘city center project’, as announced by the company at the partnership summit last month, and confirmed to ToI by HZL spokesman Pavan Kaushik earlier this month. .
Krishna Kishore said HZL’s new smelter in Andhra Pradesh would use imported zinc concentrate, forcing the Vedanta Group to locate the plant in a port city.

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Mangalore among world port cities believed to see sea level rise: NASA

Mangalore is one of the port cities in the world that is believed to experience a significant rise in sea level due to melting polar glaciers, NASA scientists have warned.

The coastal city of Karnataka, however, is not alone. Kakinada on the east coast and Mumbai on the west would also meet the same fate, along with many other Indian coastal towns, thanks to the melting of the Greenland and Antarctic ice caps.

These are the findings of new research by scientists at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory into how sea level rise – as a result of melting polar ice – would affect 293 port cities around the world.

“Indian cities are far from Greenland and Antarctica, so they see sea levels rise in the order of about 3mm per year, which is close to the maximum a city can see. In 100 years, it will be about 30 cm of sea level rise, ”Eric Larour, JPL scientist in the earth sciences section, who led the study, told DH.

Of the three Indian cities, the increase in Mangalore would peak at 2.94mm per year. The annual increase in Mumbai would be 2.88 mm while for Kakinada it would be 2.87 mm.

The port city of Karnataka is said to experience one of the highest sea level rises in Southeast Asia, eclipsed only by Yangon (2.95mm) and Colombo (3.02mm).

Most Indian coastal cities are likely to experience a similar level of sea level rise (around 30cm rise in the next 100 years). “We need to be aware and prepare,” Larour said, when asked if this was a cause for alarm.

Earlier this month, a U.S. government report made surprising findings of an 18- to 8-inch sea level rise since 1900, with the past 25 years accounting for nearly half of that increase.

The new study – published in a recent issue of Science Advances – is based on a computerized diagnostic tool, created by the JPL team to anticipate the consequences of large-scale melting ice on port cities around the world. “For India it’s far from most ice masses so it has a big impact,” he said.

The only relief for India is the presence of the Himalayas, which to some extent mitigates the impact of the melting polar ice.

“The only place that eases sea level rise is the Himalayan glaciers. For India alone, the Himalayan glaciers are responsible for a slight drop in sea level, ”Larour said. The impact of all the other ice masses in the world is massively affecting India in a negative way.

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Celebrate the cultural dynamics of port cities

The relationship between ports and bustling urban centers is often characterized by an equal mix of stress over land use, pollution and disruptive noise levels, as well as mutually beneficial linkages in the form of employment opportunities. , transport links, tourism and, of course, trade.

Today, most European ports are located in or in close proximity to urban areas. The ESPO Trends in EU Ports Governance 2016 report underlined that “finding the optimal balance between port operations, urban developments and well-being is one of the main challenges for port managers today”.

The European Commission estimates that a port economic function can only be maintained if its societal function plays a central role in its long-term development. Seaports also play a crucial role in the wider European Union TEN-T initiative, which aims to integrate urban areas and bring them closer together through increased connectivity across the continent.

In 2009, the ESPO Award was created as a way to celebrate and promote innovative port authority projects that improve the societal integration of ports. The award became thematic in 2011 and has since explored areas such as creative communication, nature in ports, engagement with local schools and universities, and heritage.

This year’s edition focuses on the artistic and cultural involvement of the port and will go to the ‘port that best achieves the societal integration of the port with the city or the wider community in which it is located, through the involvement in art or culture ”, according to ESPO. The winner will be announced at a ceremony in November in Brussels.

A look at past winners shows the many ways a port can maximize its beneficial impact on the city it serves.

Protect valuable ecosystems

Last year, BremenPorts in Germany won the “Nature in Ports” award for its Luneplate project, hailed as “an excellent example of an integrated approach combining economy and ecology”.

The port was the first to implement wide and varied tidal habitats behind the main sea wall in conjunction with a special flood dam, thus protecting the UNESCO World Heritage area “Wadden Sea”.

A lesson to make a difference

The port often serves as a springboard for employment, training and learning, as the Port of Dublin proved in 2015 with its Community Education Support Program, which has increased opportunities for employment for people from disadvantaged backgrounds.

The program particularly focused on the communities that provided the port with generations of workers in the past and presented multiple avenues including the introduction of technology in schools, a scholarship program and the promotion of sport as alternative to anti-social activities.

Innovative recycling

Another environmentally conscious initiative won the 2014 award from the port of Koper in Slovenia. Koper triumphed with his No Waste project, Just Resources, which found ways to reuse and reprocess waste into environmentally friendly materials.

Innovations included the introduction of a heating system using recycled wood, the operation of a waste sorting center and a composting plant, as well as the reuse of marine silt as a building material.

A cultural hub

The impact of a port can also extend to the history and culture of the region, as the Belgian city of Antwerp proved in 2013 when it won the prize for a multitude of projects of restoration that preserve and revive part of its rich history since its origin in the 19th century as a military base. for Napoleon Bonaparte.

With the help of volunteers, the port is restoring its old quays and quays, founding a museum, restoring a historic bridge to its original state and making some of its old buildings available to artists’ collectives and a society of writers. .

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For 18th century painters, the Indian port cities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras held a special place.

A painting created in 1818 by British artist Benjamin West shows Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II presenting a parchment to Robert Clive, a British colonel. According to historian John McAleer, the event depicted in West’s painting can be classified as one of the most crucial events in the history of the British Empire and one of the most important legacies of the Battle of Plassey which took place in 1757 in Palashi, Bengal.

The scroll, which forms the center of the painting, was responsible for transferring the rights to collect taxes and the power to administer justice in Bengal to the East India Company. He got the ball rolling, establishing the East India Company as a major power and Calcutta as its headquarters.

The artwork appears in Image of India: The People, Places and World of the East India Company by McAleer, Senior Lecturer at the University of Southampton. The Table Book, published by Niyogi Books, explores Britain’s complicated relationship with India through images of the Indian subcontinent, by artists and travelers of the 18th and 19th centuries.

In a chapter entitled Politics, power and port cities, McAleer describes the context of the East India Company’s position in mid-18th century India, its maritime trade routes and activities, the port cities it occupied, and the depiction of India in a variety of texts. and images. The three main ports presented in the story are Calcutta, Bombay and Madras.

Mughal Emperor Shah Alam hands the diwani to Robert Clive, transferring tax collection rights in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the East India Company; by Benjamin West, 1818. Image credit: Wikimedia Commons.

Artists like William Hodges, Jan Van Ryne, William and Thomas Daniell traveled across India and drew whatever they found beautiful and exotic. Along with people and culture, there are also several landscape paintings.

Old Fort, Playhouse and Holwell’s Monument, Calcutta; by Thomas Daniell, 1786. Image credit: Wikimedia Commons.

McAleer writes: “Although the Company traded from Surat to the northwest coast in its early days, the Company’s first permanent stronghold in India was at Fort St George (Madras). Fort St George figures prominently in most works of Madras. According to McAleer, the approach to the city was one of the defining moments of British travelers’ encounters with India.

According to the book, Hodges reportedly said:

“The English town, rising from the interior of Fort St. George, looks rich and beautiful from the sea; the houses being covered with a stucco called chunam, which in itself is almost as compact as the finest marble, and, since it bears such a high polish, is equally splendid with this elegant material. The style of the buildings is generally beautiful. They consist of long colonnades, with open porticoes and flat roofs, and present to the eye an appearance similar to what we can imagine of a Greek city in the time of Alexander.

“Fort of St. George on the Coromandel Coast, Madras, belonging to the East India Company of England”, a line engraving by Jan van Ryne. Image credit: Wikimedia Commons.

By the beginning of the 19th century, Bombay had become a major center of British commerce in the West. “The view of Bombay by George Lambert and Samuel Scott provides a glimpse of its development during the first sixty years under the control of the company … this time,” writes McAleer.

A painting of the East India Company colony in Bombay and ships in the port of Bombay, by George Lambert and Samuel Scott, 1731. Image credit: Wikimedia Commons.

Although the two port cities, Madras and Bombay, featured in many paintings at this time, it was Calcutta, the capital of British India, that really captivated the artists. “It was a magnet for the people in charge of the company,” writes McAleer. “Many artists who are trying to forge new careers have done so directly for the city. It was therefore one of the most represented places in India. The artists offered a variety of perspectives (literally and metaphorically) on its river, landscapes, waterfront, buildings and people.

View of a house and a bazaar in Calcutta; by Francis Jukes, 1795 (Image from Wikimedia Commons).

After Colonel Clive’s victory at Plassey, Calcutta’s population had surpassed 100,000, and by the 1770s the city had become the seat of the Governor General and the headquarters of major army and navy commands. According to Imagine India, a French visitor in 1790, Louis de Grandpré, described it as “not only the most beautiful city in Asia but one of the most beautiful in the world”. Hodges, taken by the beauty and wealth of the city, painted it at least five times.

A view of Chinsura, the Dutch colony of Bengal, by William Hodges, 1787. Image credit: Wikimedia Commons.

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Oregon’s Top Port Cities and Travel Destinations

Giant ships sail towards the sea, fishermen return with their bounties, carts go back and forth carrying fishing boats and whales pass by, oblivious to all the action on the shore. Look no further for the best of Oregon’s port cities, travel destinations in their own right.

ASTORIA: Better observation of ships

Particularly beautiful at sunset, spectacular views await in Fort Stevens State Park, on the South Jetty Observation Deck, where the Columbia River meets the ocean. Or just enjoy the spectacle from inside your car at Hammond Marina Marine Park, where the sea channel passes close to shore. The Maritime Memorial Park offers up-close vantage points to observe maritime traffic and pay tribute to the lives lost at sea.

NEWPORT: the largest working seafront

Newport, the Dungeness Crab Capital of the World and proud home of the West Coast’s largest commercial fishing fleet, remains a hub of maritime activity where hungry locals and tourists alike eat like royalty along the popular waterfront for two centuries. Here, fresher than fresh seafood markets coexist with galleries, souvenir shops, restaurants, and a host of fun family attractions, including the famous Oregon Coast Aquarium.

DEPOE BAY: Le Petit Port

Claiming to be the smallest port in the world, at just 5.5 acres, Depoe Bay certainly has a lot of charm. For years a safe harbor for commercial fishing vessels taking refuge from coastal storms, it is now a home port and stopping point for all types of vessels and a point of interest for visitors who stand along the seawall to not only watch the boating action or look for Gray Whales but also to admire the artistic Depoe Bay Bridge before setting out to explore the beautiful Depoe Bay City Park.

CHARLESTON: The classic fishing town

This quaint little village, located just eight miles from Coos Bay, is the perfect gateway to outdoor adventure, on land or off. A friendly marina offers charter boats, fishing and crabbing or you can skip the work and visit the market that operates right next to Fisherman’s Wharf and choose from a range of freshly caught seafood. They’ll even clean and cook your dinner for you! Further afield, miles of beautiful beaches, state parks and unspoiled landscapes await you.

PORT ORFORD: the most unique port

Famous for its spectacular ocean views, Port Orford (pictured above) is Oregon’s only natural open water port. It is also one of the six “dolly” ports in the world. Watch in amazement as working fishing boats move in and out of the water on massive hoists throughout the day. At Battle Rock State Park, choose your trail: down to the sandy beach or straight up to the top of Battle Rock itself, where a breathtaking view of the Pacific Ocean greets you.

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